Experts Speak

  • February 2, 2023
    Defence Budget 2023-2024
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The Defence Budget 2023-2024 is 5.94 lakh crore, an increase of about 12.5 per cent over last year

  • January 15, 2023
    WMD Terrorism
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    A shipment containing “several kilogrammes” of Uranium was seized at UK's Heathrow Airport, the package originated in Pakistan before landing at Heathrow's Terminal Four

  • January 15, 2023
    GSP 2022 – Military Ignored
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Geospatial Policy (GSP) 2022 is good for promoting digital economy, private industry, innovations, blue economy, integrating multiple agencies dealing with geospatial data, innovation and the like but the requirements of national security and of the Armed Forces have been totally ignored

  • January 15, 2023
    Analysing Rajouri Killings
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The twin terror attacks by terrorists, suspected to belong to the Pakistan-based Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), in Dangri hamlet of Rajouri in Jammu & Kashmir, left seven people of the minority community, including two children, dead and 14 others injured

  • January 15, 2023
    Ending Maoist Insurgency
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    There are no quick fix solutions in counter-insurgency, it requires a mix of hard and soft options to tackle both the hard core and eliminate the root cause

  • January 15, 2023
    Missile Systems Procurement
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    All the proposals for procurement of missile systems are under the Buy (Indian-IDDM) category

  • January 2, 2023
    The Catch 22 in Ukraine's Elusive Peace
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The US has always used war to benefit economically. Peace is unlikely in Ukraine with Zelenskyy dancing to the tune of the Biden Administration.

  • January 2, 2023
    Pralay Induction
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The system meets the tactical ballistic missile requirements filling the gap of a conventionally armed ballistic missile that is not hampered by the 'No First Use' nuclear policy

  • January 2, 2023
    End Connectivity of Border Roads
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Without proper and reliable road/track connectivity right up to our frontline posts, we will remain at serious disadvantage at the tactical level

  • January 2, 2023
    The Downside of SPARSH
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    SPARSH has become the bane of ex-servicemen and veer naris, especially those who are not computer savvy and living in remote areas

  • December 26, 2022
    China in Southern Nepal
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    China has managed to install Prachanda as the third time Prime Minister of Nepal by some deft maneuverings behind the scenes. This is bad news for India.

  • December 23, 2022
    2022: A Tumultuous Year
    By Major General Atanu K Pattanaik (Retd)

    As 2022 draws to a close, here is a snapshot of the year gone by and the changed geopolitical world that it leaves behind

  • December 14, 2022
    Egyptian President at Republic Day Parade 2023
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    India and Egypt share close political understanding based on long history of contacts and cooperation on bilateral, regional and global issues. Both countries were the founding members of the Non Allied Movement (NAM) and have co-operated on multilateral forums.

  • December 14, 2022
    Tawang Clash-Prelude to Conflict?
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The clash happened during a regular border patrol when Chinese troops were intercepted by their Indian counterparts

  • December 14, 2022
    Coming – Zorawar Tanks
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The proposal is that 59 of the 354 light tanks will be reserved for the tanks developed by the DRDO and the remaining 295 tanks will be manufactured under the 'Make-1' category of the Defence Acquisition Procedure (DAP)

  • December 2, 2022
    Weaponisation of Winter
    By Major General Atanu K Pattanaik (Retd)

    Russian missile and drone attacks on energy and other infrastructure means that large parts of Ukraine people are now living without light, water, or heating. This is becoming increasingly unbearable as the country begins to face temperatures below freezing.

  • December 1, 2022
    Zero Covid and Maverick Xi Jinping
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    There has been some relaxation in the Covid restrictions but taking these as the weakness of the CCP or of Xi would be wrong

  • December 1, 2022
    3D Printed Defence Works
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The Indian Army is perhaps the first one to create permanent defences using 3D technology and has conducted successful trials

  • December 1, 2022
    Turkey-Pakistan Defence Cooperation
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Turkey-Pakistan defence cooperation is getting stronger. During the recent two-day visit of Pakistan Prime Minister to Turkey, Sharif and Erdogan jointly inaugurated a corvette warship PNS 'Khyber' built by Turkey for the Pakistan Navy under a strategic cooperation project between the two countries

  • December 1, 2022
    TTP Sheds Gloves
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Pakistan has been facing a serious security situation in its border provinces adjoining Afghanistan because the ‘Durand Line’ was never accepted by the Afghans. The situation has been aggravated because of the border fencing by Pakistan, which is not acceptable to the Afghan Taliban and the TTP.

  • November 18, 2022
    Ukraine conflict and Paralysed Global politics
    By Lt. General J.K. Sharma (Retd)

    The G-20 summit offered a snapshot of a somewhat paralysed international system, ill-equipped to mobilise around solving major shared challenges

  • November 15, 2022
    No cold war; Tensions may still flare
    By Lt. General J.K. Sharma (Retd)

    The meeting between President Biden and Chinese President Xi Jinping on the sidelines of the G20 summit may cool temperatures for now. But while Washington and Beijing can try to put guardrails on their relationship, sensitivities over Taiwan are high and the risk for misunderstanding acute.

  • November 14, 2022
    Pakistan – No Postmortem
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The attempted assassination of Imran Khan followed by nationwide protests by the PTI has thrown Pakistan into more chaos. The economic situation remains grim, to which political turmoil is now added. On top is the internal security situation because of increasing attacks by the Baloch separatists and the large number of heavily armed cadres of TTP streaming into Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

  • November 14, 2022
    Canistered Loitering Munitions for Army
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The Canister Launched Anti-Armour Loiter Ammunition (CALM) System is known as a drone that once fired can remain airborne for a period of time and after the target is sighted it can be guided to destroy the target with an explosive payload

  • November 14, 2022
    New Interceptor Missile for BMD
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    On November 2, 2022, India successfully tested its new interceptor missile for Phase-II of its indigenous BMD system, which is capable of intercepting incoming long-range nuclear missiles as well as slow-moving aircraft

  • November 14, 2022
    CPEC extension into Afghanistan
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Beijing has Pakistan in its pocket and good relations with the Afghan Taliban to whom it has promised help to rebuild Afghanistan. However, Chinese workers remain under threat in Pakistan, so what will happen in Afghanistan when the CPEC is extended to that country.

  • November 14, 2022
    India-Armenia Defence Relations
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Taking into account the ancient ties with Armenia and its ongoing conflict with an aggressive Azerbaijan supported by Turkey and Pakistan, India would do well to meet all defence requirements of Armenia as requested by them.

  • October 31, 2022
    China Decries Exercise 'Yudh Abhyas'
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    China is opposing it by saying it is an interference in the bilateral boundary issue and a violation of agreements between New Delhi and Beijing that no military drill will be held near the Line of Actual Control

  • October 31, 2022
    ARBEL AI-based Firing System
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Indian policy makers and the military have acknowledged AI as a key component of national security strategy and are focused on AI-based research

  • October 31, 2022
    India-UK Defence Relations – The Sunak Factor
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    With signing of the FTA on the anvil, two-way trade between India and the UK should flourish under Sunak's premiership. India-UK collaboration in defence trade is being supported by a new export licensing arrangement intended for shortening delivery times for defence procurement.

  • October 31, 2022
    Army Seeks Large Drone Induction
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The Army is seeking 1,000s of surveillance copters to be operated in the Himalayas and provide a live feed to the battle commanders. All these UAVs and RPAVs will be sourced from Indian companies.

  • October 15, 2022
    SMASH Anti-Drone Weapon Sight
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The SMASH 2000L/3000 is the lightest handheld operated fire control system using artificial intelligence, computer vision, and advanced algorithms making it an ideal hard-kill solution against drones and small UAS

  • October 15, 2022
    Indigenous Armoured Vehicles
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The Kalyani M4 is a Quick Reaction Fighting Vehicle, indigenously developed and manufactured by Bharat Forge Ltd. It offers unprecedented levels of security and protection to the occupants in case of high Kinetic Energy threats, like severe mine blasts and grenade attacks

  • October 3, 2022
    Priorities for the newly appointed CDS
    By Lt. General Abhay Krishna (Retd)

    The Nation eagerly looks at General Anil Chauhan, the new CDS, for successfully taking forward the initiatives taken up by the Late General Bipin Rawat

  • October 1, 2022
    China's FH-901 and Russia's new EW System
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The increasing importance of unmanned platforms, loitering munitions and electronic warfare is more that apparent in the Ukraine conflict. India will need to build these capabilities speedily to cope with and win future conflicts.

  • October 1, 2022
    Indigenous Loitering Munitions
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Loitering munitions have revolutionised the battlefield in recent years and more of these can be expected to fill up the airspace in future

  • September 24, 2022
    Lawlessness in a Unipolar World
    By Major General Atanu K Pattanaik (Retd)

    There is worrisome compromise of international institutions, agreements, treaties and arrangements that do not serve the domestic agenda of the US

  • September 14, 2022
    Army Chief Visits Nepal
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    General Manoj Pande's visit to Nepal was largely ceremonial though it did provide an opportunity to review bilateral defence relations and explore new avenues of cooperation

  • September 14, 2022
    CWG 2022 and ASI, Pune
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Medal winners from the Army have bagged 4 gold, 1 silver and 3 bronze medal in CWG 2022, which is a commendable feat considering that there were only 18 participants from the Army

  • September 14, 2022
    PP-15 Disengagement is No Loss to China
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Chinese side has pulled back northeast of PP-17A while the Indian troops have pulled back to PP-17. In between is the no-patrol zone which means that India troops can no more patrol up to PP-15 which was our forward PP in this sector.

  • September 1, 2022
    Taliban at Loggerheads with Pakistan
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Thousands of Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) cadres are undergoing rigorous combat training and also undergoing sea training for naval combat in order to take on the Pakistani Navy. Pakistan-TTP war may break out in the near future and this time Pakistan will likely experience much more instability and violence than before.

  • September 1, 2022
    Indigenous Light Tank – Zorawar
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    DRDO is working on a Light Tank named 'Zorawar', fitted with High Altitude Operable Power pack (Engine + Transmission) of 1,000hp and capable of firing multiple ammunition to meet the Army's requirement of light tanks

  • September 1, 2022
    Western Regulars in Ukraine
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    It has become clear that the US and NATO are not only waging a proxy war but also a high-risk secret war against Russia in Ukraine. CIA, MI-6 operatives and Western Special Forces in the garb of mercenaries and civilians continue to operate inside Ukraine.

  • September 1, 2022
    Loitering Munitions
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Loitering munitions are in a category of their own. They are more akin to a smart missile. Once airborne, the system is designed to “loiter” for an extended time. Loitering munitions are one-time-use weapons designed to find a target and crash into it, “kamikaze” style.

  • September 1, 2022
    Exercise Vostok-2022
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    An Indian Army contingent comprising of troops from 7/8 Gorkha Rifles is participating in a multilateral strategic and command Exercise Vostok-2022 aimed at interaction and coordination amongst other participating military contingents and observers

  • August 29, 2022
    What Type of Light Tank Does India Need?
    By Lt. General J.K. Sharma (Retd)

    There is no denying the need of Light Tank but is there prudence in going for a 25 tonne with similar firepower as T-90 and capable of floatation? It would compromise on protection and other basic fighting features, no matter how much you may load it with Artificial Intelligence (AI), surveillance drones and/or loitering munition.

  • August 16, 2022
    India Arises @ 75
    By Major General Atanu K Pattanaik (Retd)

    The gains since 1947 have been massive, keeping in mind that we have also evolved as a strong multi-cultural, multi-ethnic, vibrant and resilient democracy

  • August 15, 2022
    Indo-Maldives Defence & Security Relations
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Close contact and coordination between India and Maldives in defence and security is vital for the peace and stability of the entire region in the backdrop of trans-national crime, terrorism and drug trafficking in the Indian Ocean

  • August 15, 2022
    India's Hypersonic Cruise Missile
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    India became the fourth country after the US, China and Russia to develop and test the hypersonic technology. With this successful test, India will be making its first hypersonic missile in the next five years.

  • August 15, 2022
    Indo-US Military Jointness
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Bilateral military exercises and defence exchanges are an important facet of deepening bilateral defence cooperation between friendly countries

  • August 15, 2022
    Indigenous Laser Guided ATGM
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    SAMHO, the all-indigenous laser guided anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) employs a tandem high explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead to defeat explosive reactive armour (ERA) protected armoured vehicles in ranges from 1.5 km to 5 km

  • August 10, 2022
    The Choppy Waters of Taiwan Straits
    By Major General Atanu K Pattanaik (Retd)

    US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi's stop in Taipei is the first time that a US House speaker has visited Taiwan in 25 years and has fueled US-China tensions

  • August 2, 2022
    Chinese Muscle Flexing
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Chinese fighter jets, including J-11, have been flying close to the Line of Actual Control (LAC) over past few weeks, in direct violation of the 10-km Confidence Building Measures (CBM) mutually agreed with India

  • August 2, 2022
    Meeting China's LAC 5G Challenge
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The need for provisioning of telecom connectivity with high-speed internet capability to the Armed Forces must be given high priority including forward deployments along the LAC because of China’s aggressive moves and the era of drones and missiles giving little reaction time

  • August 2, 2022
    Joint Theatre Commands
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    There is no escaping the military logic of creating suitably constituted Integrated Theatre Commands and Functional Commands for the Armed Forces as a whole

  • August 2, 2022
    AI Enabled ATV and QRFV
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Collaborative work done in the field of AI is being done by the three Services, the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs), iDEX start-ups and the private sector

  • July 21, 2022
    Leaderless Not Rudderless
    By Major General Atanu K Pattanaik (Retd)

    The 'Janatha Aragalaya' or people's struggle that booted out the Rajapakse's does not have a distinct leadership but has exhibited a distinct direction. The Aragalaya has remained to a great extent, a movement launched by a combination of a large number of youth groups which are independent of party politics.

  • July 14, 2022
    16th Corps Commander-level Talks in Ladakh
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    While our insistence may make China relent for the 16th or more rounds of talks, we are naïve not to acknowledge that there will be no more pull back of troops by China. China holds all the aces, so why would it pull back? In fact, China is using the talks to consolidate its positions in the intrusion areas.

  • July 14, 2022
    China's 5G Along The LAC
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    China has rolled out a 5G network on their side of the LAC in Ladakh, which has created a problem in radio communications of the Indian Armed Forces deployed in the border areas

  • July 14, 2022
    The Territorial Army
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    TA units were actively involved in military operations in 1962, 1965 and 1971. The Terriers have also participated in Operation 'Pawan' in Sri Lanka, Operation 'Rakshak' in Punjab and J&K, Operation 'Rhino' and Operation 'Bajrang' in the northeast.

  • July 14, 2022
    High-speed Expendable Aerial Target
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    On June 29, 2022, the DRDO successfully tested an indigenously-designed High-speed Expendable Aerial Target (HEAT) named 'Abhyas' from the Integrated Test Range (ITR). Programmed for a completely autonomous flight, Abhyas can be launched by the military anywhere using a laptop.

  • July 5, 2022
    Indigenous Stealth Drone
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The development of Remotely Piloted Strike Aircraft (RPSA) and its successful induction into the Indian Armed Forces will provide India with considerable air supremacy since the RPSA, with its small size, stealth capabilities...

  • July 5, 2022
    American and British Somersaults
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    In October 2019, the US backed off from a proposal for collaboration on jet engine technology under the India-US Defence Trade and Technology Initiative (DTTI). Now the US has again offered to collaborate with India for critical jet engine technology.

  • July 5, 2022
    Indigenous Loitering Munitions, UAS Drones, ATGM
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    These are all good developments which need quick follow up actions. 25 per cent of the domestic capital procurement budget (amounting to 21,149 crore) has been earmarked for acquisitions from the domestic private industry this year. This needs to be fully utilised with necessary prioritisation.

  • July 5, 2022
    Indigenous Next Generation Corvettes – and more
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The DAC accorded AoN for procurement of the Next Generation Corvettes (NGCs) to be built at an estimated cost of 36,000 crore by an Indian shipyard and constructed based on new in-house design of the Indian Navy using latest technology of ship building

  • June 20, 2022
    Defence Minister's Vietnam Visit
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Both India and Vietnam shared views on the significance of maintaining peace, stability, maritime and aviation security, safety and freedom in the East Sea, as well as settling disputes through peaceful measures according to global norms, UNCLOS, and need to reach an efficient Code of Conduct (COC) in the East Sea

  • June 20, 2022
    Catch 22 in Talking to Maoists
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The Maoists have caught on to the technicality of the Chhattisgarh Home Minister promising 'unconditional' talks and Chief Minister Baghel reiterating that Maoists should first declare allegiance to the Indian Constitution

  • June 20, 2022
    Chinese Base in Cambodia
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The new secret Chinese military base in Cambodia ought to wake up America's political class, including the US Navy brass, to what is fast becoming a global Chinese challenge

  • June 20, 2022
    Pakistan Remains in FATF Grey List
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    FATF will now conduct an on-site visit to "check" that the reforms undertaken by Islamabad are "in place" and "can be sustained into the future"

  • June 5, 2022
    QUAD is Not another NATO
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    QUAD lacks any worthwhile muscular policy and the US will likely continue to sit on the fence and let others do the fighting

  • June 5, 2022
    Border Infrastructure Management Authority
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Border Infrastructure Management Authority (BIMA) plan is reportedly being prepared for integrated infrastructure development considering that the people living along the LAC be considered as strategic assets

  • June 5, 2022
    China's Second Bridge on Pangong Tso
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The fact that China is constructing the second bridge simultaneously from both the north and south banks of Pangong Tso indicates the urgency that is being accorded to it by the PLA

  • June 5, 2022
    India-Japan Defence Collaboration
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Indo-Japanese defence relations have witnessed an upsurge in recent years which includes joint bi-lateral and multi-lateral exercises. The next 2+2 Indo-Japanese Foreign and Defence Ministerial Meeting is to be held in Japan at the earliest.

  • May 26, 2022
    Pakistan Support to Taliban Backfires
    By Lt. General J.K. Sharma (Retd)

    Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan, a militant group also known as the Pakistani Taliban or the TTP has launched more than 124 terrorist attacks since the Taliban returned to power in Pakistan (including suicide attacks) from bases in Afghanistan

  • May 23, 2022
    The QUAD – Way Ahead
    By Lt. General J.K. Sharma (Retd)

    The QUAD must prove that it can be an effective body, both to demonstrate its utility to its own members and to show to the regional community that it is capable of solving regional problems

  • May 16, 2022
    Boosting Indo-French Strategic Partnership
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Defence will likely continue as the cornerstone of the India-France Strategic Partnership, which has been further cemented through the recent meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and French President Emmanuel Macron

  • May 16, 2022
    The WMD Birds
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Chinese military and government agencies had been using Dove drones and related devices in recent years. Possibly, these drones are also augmented as assassination weapons with built-in face recognition software, akin to the US. These drones pose a new angle to terrorism and assassinations, especially if launched in swarms.

  • May 16, 2022
    Offsets and Strategic Partnerships
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The offset clause in Inter-Government Agreements (IGA) was removed pursuant a report by the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) tabled in Parliament, which said several offset contracts built into multiple defence deals had failed to bring in high-end military technology into the country

  • May 16, 2022
    Spike ATGMs and Sig Sauer Rifles
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Army and the Indian Air Force (IAF) have both begun to induct ATGMs. The Army is inducting Spike LR2 launchers and missiles, while the IAF is integrating its Russian-origin Mi-17V5 helicopters with Spike NLOS (nonline of sight) missiles

  • May 16, 2022
    ATAGS User Trials Completed
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The user trials this summer have just been successfully completed at the Pokhran field firing ranges. Reliability of both the guns was proven by firing multiple rounds in various, including bursts, intense and sustained modes.

  • May 16, 2022
    Pakistan's Proxy War Continues
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Pakistan’s proxy war against India will continue under their new Prime Minister with fresh impetus from Pakistan’s DG ISI Lt General Nadeem Anjum. With Pakistan having an inexhaustible supply of terrorists, it is for India to continue in the defensive mode or transport the proxy war into Pakistani territory.